Why HR Wants Rid of I-9s and What They Want Instead
Posted: June 21, 2018
If you are in favor of ditching the current employment verification process — the paper-based I-9 form — for a mandatory electronic system, you are not alone.
According to the Employment Verification Survey from the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), 83% of employers either strongly or somewhat support a mandatory electronic verification system. Plus, employers' support of such a system would be even higher if it:
- avoids allegations of employment-based discrimination (cited by 95% of employers)
- includes a strong safe harbor to protect employers (95%)
- authenticates identity (94%), and
- eliminates the Form I-9 (89%).
The value of self audits
But while firms may want to do away with the hassle of I-9 compliance, the reality is they still have to deal with it. And now is the perfect time for a review of your I-9 compliance efforts for a number of reasons.
For starters, the most recently revised form became mandatory in the fall.
Plus, the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Immigration & Customs Enforcement agency (also known as ICE) can investigate your company's I-9 records on an at-will basis — and has already been increasing these investigations with higher fines.
And because I-9 administration is one of the most routine tasks human resource, benefits and payroll professionals handle, it is easy for minor issues to fall through the cracks.
But even the most minor issues can prove costly in the event of a federal visit. That is why regular self-audits are so important.
Key: Before conducting the self-audit, make sure your roster of employees is up to date.
As employers know, all employees hired on or after Nov. 6, 1986, must have a completed I-9 on file. If you discover an employee does not have an I-9 for whatever reason, make every effort to resolve the issue as soon as possible.
Review documents, discard excess
During your audit, you will want to make sure all documentation is accounted for. Chances are, you may have been hanging on to some unnecessary paperwork.
Employers are only required to keep documentation for former employees for one year after separation or three years, whichever is later.
Keeping documents you do not need only gets in the way of your documentation process and could slow down your procedures.
Four common problems
During the audit, you will want to watch for these common errors:
1. Missing signatures. This error is made by both employees and employers. Recently, a firm did not have the correct person signing for its remote workers and wound up getting hit with a $227,000 fine.
Another example: An event planning company failed to notice that Section 2 of the I-9s lacked all workers' signatures. It wound up with more than 800 violations and a $605,250 fine.
2. Blank fields. Several fields in the I-9 are optional for employees (e-mail, telephone, etc.), but they cannot be left blank. These optional fields must include "N/A" in them. Employers cannot correct even the most obvious omissions, so if you notice a blank field, it is critical to return the form to the employee to add "N/A."
Note: Employees' Social Security numbers are not required unless the employer uses E-verify.
3. Failing to help employees with Section 1. While not technically a mistake, not using a trained I-9 staffer to supervise staff filling out Section 1 often leads to mistakes and errors.
4. Failing to fix errors correctly. When mistakes are discovered on Section 2 and 3 of the form, the corrections must be initialed and dated by employers (Section 1 must be completed by the employee only).
Posted In: Human Resources, General; Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Employment Eligibility Verification (Form I-9); Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE)
Want to know more? Read the full article by Jared Bilski at HR Morning